Background:civil and criminal cases from England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The UKSC replaced the appellate committee of the House of Lords which handed down its final judgment in July 2009 - (the Purdy case)..
For Scotland, the UKSC is the final appellate court in civil matters only. Scotland's highest court in criminal matters is the High Court of Justiciary based in Edinburgh.
The UKSC is based in Parliament Square, Westminster and commenced sitting in 2009.
The Acts of Parliament which brought about devolution to Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland provide that legal questions relating to devolution may be referred to the UKSC. This has happened on a number of occasions. For instance, in 2021 the court heard an application from Scotland concerning incorporation into Scots Law of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child - REFERENCE by the Attorney General and the Advocate General for Scotland - United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (Incorporation) (Scotland) Bill
The UKSC's President is Lord Reed of Allermuir. He is the fourth President: the previous being Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers, Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury, and Lady Hale of Richmond.
Biographical details of the Justices are published on the court's website.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is a separate court although it shares the same premises as the UKSC and Justices of the Supreme Court (JSC) form the majority of the judges hearing privy council cases.
The UKSC is particularly notable for televising its hearings and for prompt publication of judgments together with explanatory Press Summaries. The court also maintains a YOUTUBE channel.
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