Saturday, 20 April 2019

Abduction of the Shrigley Heiress ~ R v Edward Gibbon Wakefield and others 1827

Wakefield Trial 1827
Deceit and Abduction:

William Turner's family arrived in Blackburn at the beginning of the 19th century and they built a prosperous calico printing mill.  William was the youngest of four sons of the family and was destined to become High Sheriff of Cheshire in 1826 and Member of Parliament for Blackburn from 1832 to 1841.   He acquired the Shrigley Estate near Macclesfield and, in 1825, built the present Shrigley Hall - now a country hotel and spa.  Turner's two daughters were Ellen (born 1811) and Mary Jennett (born 1812 - died in 1817).  Ellen was therefore heiress to Turner's considerable wealth.

Edward Gibbon Wakefield, the son of a farmer and land agent, was born in 1796 in London.  In 1814, aged 18, he entered the diplomatic service and travelled extensively in Europe.   Within two years, he had fallen in love and eloped with Eliza Pattle, a 16-year old heiress and ward of chancery -(see here for wardship today).

Thursday, 18 April 2019

European Parliament Elections - May 2019

The United Kingdom will, almost certainly*, take part in elections to the European Parliament which will be held over 23-26 May 2019.

The European Parliament is directly elected and comprises 751 Members (MEP) who serve for a 5 year term.  The UK has a total of 73 MEP.

Elections in the UK will take place over 12 REGIONS: 9 English regions plus Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.  The number of MEP per Region are:

Tuesday, 16 April 2019

Legal Aid in the Headlines

"The legal aid system needs to be made fairer in terms of how it funds those who require it.  It's fundamentally flawed."

The law empowers the State to do many draconian things.  We can be imprisoned if convicted of criminal offences or even for non-payment of Council Tax.  Children can be removed from the family by way of care proceedings if the family court finds that they are suffering or are likely to suffer "significant harm" - Children Act 1989 s.31.  UK citizenship may be removed from individuals in certain situations - e.g. the Shamima Begum "Jihadi Bride" case.  Coroners investigate unexplained deaths including those which may have resulted from the conduct of agencies of the State itself.

Monday, 15 April 2019

Assange ~ Arrest and possible extradition to USA


Wikileaks was founded in 2006 by Mr Julian Assange (born 3 July 1971).  It is an international publishing organisation which came to prominence in 2010 when it published a series of "leaks" provided by Chelsea Manning.  The publications included the Afghanistan war logs (July 2010) and the Iraq war logs (October 2010). 

In November 2010, a Swedish prosecutor issued a European Arrest Warrant (EAW) for Mr Assange alleging that he had committed sexual assaults and rape.  He denied the allegations, and said that they were just a pretext for him to be extradited from Sweden to the United States because of his role in publishing secret American documents.

Saturday, 13 April 2019

Brexit extension - Withdrawal Act 2019 - Exit Day

The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2019  (the EUWA 2019) received Royal Assent on Monday 8 April.  For the Bill leading to this Act see previous post 3 April.

Section 1(1) of the Act required - a Minister of the Crown to move a motion in the House of Commons in the form set out in subsection (2).  The motion had to be moved on the day on which the Act received Royal Assent or on the day after that day.

The required form of the motion was –

Friday, 5 April 2019

Article 50 Extension to 30 June requested

The Prime Minister, in a letter to the President of the European Council (Mr Donald Tusk), has requested an extension of EU (and Euratom) membership to 30 June 2019.  Article 50(3) permits requests for extension but, for it to take effect, the European Council has to agree unanimously.

A special meeting of the Council had already been scheduled for 10 April.

The letter also states that the UK government

Thursday, 4 April 2019

Queen's Consent

This previous post  tracked the European Union (Withdrawal) (No.5) Bill which, on 3 April 2019, passed through all of its stages in the House of Commons.  For the Bill and other associated documents see Bills before Parliament 

The proceedings in the House of Commons raised an interesting point which is considered in this post.

Power to request extension:

The Bill requires, as a matter of law, the Prime Minister to move a motion asking the House of Commons to agree to the seeking of an Article 50 extension to a date to be specified in the motion.

Wednesday, 3 April 2019

Legal controversies arising with Brexit

The United Kingdom's uncodified constitution is capable of producing interesting and potentially difficult legal controversies.

A prime example was the Miller / Dos Santos litigation concerning whether the Prime Minister could, using prerogative power, give the notification under Article 50 TEU to the European Union that the UK had decided to leave.  A majority of the Supreme Court held that an Act of Parliament was required to authorise ministers to give Notice of the decision of the UK to withdraw from the European Union.

Legal power to request extension:

European Union (Withdrawal) (No.5) Bill ~ Notes

With updates - (at the end of the post)

The House of Commons will today (3 April) debate a "Business of the House Motion" which, if successful, will permit the European Union (Withdrawal) (No.5) Bill - (the bill) - to go through all of its House of Commons stages very quickly - by 10pm today.

The Bill is aimed at  requiring, as a matter of law, the Prime Minister to bring a motion to the House of Commons seeking an extension of Article 50 to a date to be specified in the motion.  It would be possible for the Commons to reject the motion.  If the House approved the motion then the PM would be legally required to request an extension to the specified date.

Prime Minister ~ Statement on Brexit 2 April 2019

After a seven hour session of the Cabinet held on 2 April 2019, the Prime Minister made a statement about Brexit - see No. 10 Downing Street - Statement on Brexit.

The PM remained of the view that leaving with a deal was the best solution and a further extension of Article 50 was therefore needed - "one that is as short as possible and which ends when we pass a deal."   The PM recognised that

Sunday, 31 March 2019

The week ahead ~ Further indicative votes

1st April - 2230 hrs.  Updated with results

On Friday 29 March the House of Commons rejected (344 to 286) the negotiated Withdrawal Agreement, the Joint Instrument and the Unilateral Declaration - (the documents are available HERE).  Under the EU Council Decision of 22 March this rejection has the effect of making Exit Day 12 April but it is open to the UK to seek a way forward.  A further extension of time may therefore arise.

On Wednesday 27 March the House rejected eight indicative vote proposals - previous post 27 March.  Only two of those "came close" to acceptance - a Customs Union (proposed by Kenneth Clarke QC MP but rejected 272 to 264) and a "Confirmatory Public Vote" (rejected 295 to 268).

The coming week

Friday, 29 March 2019

29 March 2019 - the Withdrawal Agreement returns

1500 hrs - Updated with result

29 March 2019 is set to be another momentous day in the House of Commons as the government seeks approval from MPs for the Withdrawal Agreement.

Two years ago, on 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom served notice, under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), that it had decided to leave the European Union (EU) - Article 50 Notice: The end of the beginning (29 March 2017).

Article 50 extended:

Thursday, 28 March 2019

Parliament 27 March 2019

Exit Day:

Exit Day is now 22 May at 11 pm if the House of Commons accepts the withdrawal agreement by 29 March.  Otherwise it is 12 April at 11 pm.

On 27 March 2019, Parliament approved the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (Exit Day) (Amendment) Regulations 2019.    These amend the definition of Exit Day in section 20 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018.  The outcome is that Exit Day for domestic legal purposes is now the same as that fixed in EU Law by the European Council Decision (EU) 2019/476 of 22 March 2019.

The House of Commons debate resulted with a vote of 441 to 105 in favour of affirming the regulations.  The House of Lords debate concluded with the Regulations being affirmed.

Wednesday, 27 March 2019

Brexit ~ Indicative Votes 27 March

Updated 28 March with voting results

The UK is now set to leave the EU either on 12 April or 22 May depending on whether the House of Commons rejects or accepts the Withdrawal Agreement.  The House has already rejected the Withdrawal Agreement on two occasions (15 January and 11 March) but it might return for a third time if the Prime Minister thinks it will now be supported.  It is reported that some MPs will vote for the deal  (£) provided that the Prime Minister sets a timetable for her own departure from office!

Rejection of the Withdrawal Agreement

Tuesday, 26 March 2019

House of Commons Monday 25 March 2019

Prime Minister's Statement:

The Prime Minister made a Statement on European Council to the House of Commons and also see Hansard for the debate which immediately followed the statement.

Key points in the Statement -

1.  Council endorsed the legal Instrument relating to the Withdrawal Agreement and the Joint Statement supplementing the Political Declaration.

Monday, 25 March 2019

Brexit ~ Statutory Instruments

A brief note on Statutory Instruments (SI) being churned out in connection with Brexit.

When the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill first saw light of day it was immediately open to the criticism that it contained a far too extensive set of powers to make delegated legislation - previous posts 6 September 2017 and 29 September 2017.

A particular concern was that Ministers could effectively change policy by using these powers and, according to a post by Alexandra Sinclair and Joe Tomlinson published by the UK Constitutional Law Association blog, this concern appears to be manifesting itself.  The authors

Friday, 22 March 2019

EU Council and what might come next

Post updated 23 March

Art 50 - EU Council conclusions:

On 21 March, the European Council responded to the Prime Minister's request (previous post) for an extension, until 30 June, of Article 50.

The Council conclusion was to agree an extension until 22 May 2019 provided the Withdrawal Agreement is approved by the House of Commons by 29 March at the latest.

Wednesday, 20 March 2019

Brexit ~ Article 50 Extension requested

Updated 21 March

With just 9 days left to "Exit Day" (29 March), the Prime Minister has sent a letter to the President of the EU Council requesting an extension of Article 50 up to 30 June 2019 - a date which will avoid the UK having to participate in elections to the European Parliament.  The elections take place in May.

The letter has been published on the No. 10 Downing Street website and is reproduced below.

A key sentence in the letter reads:  'I also intend to bring forward further domestic proposals that confirm my previous commitments to protect our internal market, given the concerns expressed about the backstop.'   Those proposals have yet to be announced.

Tuesday, 19 March 2019

Brexit: "Meaningful Votes" - Extension of Article 50

Only 10 days are left until "Exit Day" - 29 March 2019 (at 11pm).

The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 section 13(1) states unequivocally that the Withdrawal Agreement may be ratified only if certain requirements are met.   Section 13 includes a requirement that the negotiated withdrawal agreement and the framework for the future relationship have been approved by a resolution of the House of Commons on a motion moved by a Minister of the Crown. 

MV1 and MV2:

On 15 January, the government failed to obtain the approval of the House of Commons to the Withdrawal Agreement (WA) and Political Declaration (PD).  This came to be referred to as Meaningful Vote 1 or MV1.

Friday, 15 March 2019

Brexit Votes 12-14 March

' ... Europe's politicians gaze open mouthed at the maelstrom of division and chaos currently whirling through the House of Commons ... two weeks before the official Brexit day - Parliament appears to be in meltdown with no unifying solution in sight' - BBC News 15 March

After a difficult three days in the House of Commons the Brexit position may be summarised as:
  • Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration rejected by the Commons - previous post
  • Exiting the EU without a deal in place also rejected - previous post
  • An extension to Article 50 to be requested whether or not the House of Commons approves the negotiated withdrawal agreement by 20 March.  If it is approved by 20 March then the requested extension would be until 30 June to enable the passing of necessary EU exit legislation.  If it is NOT approved by 20 March then a clear purpose for requesting an extension will be required and any extension beyond 30 June would require the United Kingdom to hold European Parliament elections in May 2019 - see Hansard 14 March UK's withdrawal from the EU and BBC How MPs voted.

Thursday, 14 March 2019

Brexit ~ Debates 13 and 14 March

Commons 13 March 2019
12 March - Withdrawal Agreement rejected:

Tuesday 12 March saw the House of Commons reject - essentially for a second time - the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration which the government had negotiated in its efforts to enable the UK to exit the EU on 29 March 2019 with a deal.  The principal objection to the deal was the so-called "backstop" arrangement for Ireland / Northern Ireland and those objections were not overcome by the additional documents of 11 March - The Joint Statement, the UK Declaration, and the Instrument relating to the Withdrawal Agreement - [see HERE for those documents].  The events of 12 March were considered in this previous post.

13 March - Commons rejects "no deal" exit:

Tuesday, 12 March 2019

Brexit Debate and Vote ~ 12 March 2019

Attorney General:

Following the discussions with the EU which ended on Monday 11 March, the Attorney General (Geoffrey Cox QC MP) answered questions regarding his revised legal opinion on the Brexit deal and what had been achieved to deal with the issue of the Ireland / Northern Ireland "backstop."  The Attorney's advice is HERE.

Hansard 12 March - Withdrawal Agreement: Legal Opinion

Prime Minister:

The Prime Minister put forward her motion seeking approval of five documents - please see her Statement to the House of Commons + Dept. for Exiting the EU Policy Paper 12 March + previous post.

The House of Commons rejected the motion - Ayes 242 to Noes 391 - a majority of 149 - (i.e. 633 votes in total).  Although amendments had been tabled, none were selected by the Speaker.

How did individual MPs vote? See BBC News 13 March or The New European 12 March.

Hansard 12 March - European Union (Withdrawal) Act

What follows?

Brexit "Meaningful Vote" 12 March 2019

Updated 1120 hrs.

A mere 17 days are left to "Exit Day" - 11 pm on 29 March 2019.  The House of Commons will debate the Prime Minister's motion asking that the House approves for the purposes of section 13(1)(b) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 the following FIVE documents laid before the House on Monday 11 March 2019:

(1) the negotiated withdrawal agreement titled ‘Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community’;

Saturday, 9 March 2019

Hawker Hunter Display Pilot acquitted of Gross Negligence Manslaughter

On 22 August 2015, A Hawker Hunter jet (Registration GBXFI) piloted by Andrew Hill crashed on to the A27 road near Shoreham airfield, West Sussex.  11 people were killed but the pilot, who was thrown clear of the aeroplane,  survived despite suffering considerable injuries.  It was not until 2018 that Mr Hill was charged with the manslaughter by gross negligence of the 11 who died.  He was also charged with endangering an aircraft, contrary to Article 137 of the Air Navigation Order 2009 - The Guardian 21 March 2018.

The accident and AAIB report:

Friday, 8 March 2019

Questions to Law Officers 7 March 2019

Geoffrey Cox QC MP
The Law Officers for England and Wales are the Attorney General and the Solicitor General.  On Thursday 7 March they answered questions from MPs.  These exchanges may be read in Hansard:

The office of Attorney General can be traced back to the 13th century - List of Attorneys General.  The Attorney General is the principal legal adviser of the Crown and its government in England and Wales.  The office of Solicitor General also has a considerable legal history and is traceable back to at least the 15th century - List of Solicitors General.

Thursday, 7 March 2019

Rt. Hon. Karen Bradley MP and Northern Ireland Legacy issues

Rt. Hon Karen Bradley MP is Secretary of State for Northern Ireland with overall responsibility for the Northern Ireland Office.  The post leads on political stability and relations with the Northern Ireland Executive, National security and counter-terrorism, Implementation of the Stormont House and Fresh Start Agreements including legacy of the past.

Given the long history of sectarian conflict in Northern Ireland ("The Troubles"), the post clearly requires a high degree of political sensitivity.  There are numerous legacy issues to be addressed including the on-going aftermath of what came to be known as "Bloody Sunday" on 30 January 1972 when the Army shot 28 civilians.  13 were killed outright and one more died of his injuries at a later date.

Tuesday, 5 March 2019

24 days to Brexit ~ a brief roundup

UPDATE 7 March - BBC News - Brexit: UK urged to table 'acceptable' backstop remedies

The UK has been urged to table fresh proposals within the next 48 hours to break the Brexit impasse.   EU officials said they would work non-stop over the weekend if "acceptable" ideas were received by Friday to break the deadlock over the Irish backstop.

A proposal for an "Implementation Protocol" has been put forward by Professor K A Armstrong (Professor of European Law, Cambridge - HERE.   The Protocol would be an integral part of the Withdrawal Agreement and would act as a legal bridge between the legal text of the Agreement and the Political Declaration on the future relationship between the Union and the UK.

A look at some of the Brexit news and stories ....

24 days to "Exit Day."

The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 section 20 defines "Exit Day" as 29 March 2019 at 11pm.  The legislation also provides that a Minister of the Crown may by Regulations amend the definition of Exit Day but the Regulations have to be approved by resolution of both Houses of Parliament.

Wednesday, 27 February 2019

Geraldine Finucane's Application

On 27 February 2017, some eight months after the hearing on 26-27 June 2018 and 19 months after permission to appeal was granted, the Supreme Court handed down its reserved judgment In the matter of an application by Geraldine Finucane for Judicial Review (Northern Ireland) [2019] UKSC 7.

The appellant, Geraldine Finucane, was the wife of Patrick Finucane, a solicitor murdered in his home in North Belfast by an illegal paramilitary group.  That was on 12 February 1989 - 30 years ago.  The State colluded in the murder by using its agents deliberately to manipulate loyalist paramilitaries so that they targeted suspected republican terrorists. The appellant’s husband, who was not connected with terrorism, was targeted in this way leading to his murder.  The State knew of the plan to murder him and either took no action to prevent his death or was complicit in it.

Brexit ~ House of Commons 26 and 27 February

On 15 January 2019 the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement / Political Declaration -previous post.

On 29 January the Commons voted on various amendments to a motion put forward by the Prime Minister.  The outcome was to require the Northern Ireland backstop to be replaced with "alternative arrangements" to avoid a hard border - see previous post.

Tuesday 26 February:

On 26 February, following further engagement with the EU, the Prime Minister

Saturday, 23 February 2019

Shamima Begum and the law

Updated 9 March 2019 and 21 March 2019

Shamima Begum:

Shamima Begum was born in the UK but, at age 15, she went, with two other girls, to Syria allegedly to join ISIS.  She later married ISIS member Yago Riedijk.  In 2017 she and her husband fled to Baghouz.  She wished to come to the UK to have her latest baby.
Two previous children died of malnutrition and illness.  Her husband is thought to be held by Syrian forces.


Friday, 22 February 2019

Brexit-related litigation ~ update

This post is a summary of various applications for judicial review related to Brexit.  It may not be a comprehensive list. 

Supreme Court - The Miller / Dos Santos case:

The Supreme Court held (8 to 3) that an Act of Parliament was required to authorise the government to give notice under Article 50 Treaty on European Union.  The case is extensively discussed on this blog and elsewhere.  See UK Supreme Court Decided cases and Bailii [2017] UKSC 5.   The European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017 followed this case and authorised the Prime Minister to give the Article 50 notice.

Tuesday, 19 February 2019

"Martial Law" if no deal Brexit

In recent weeks, several media articles have referred to "Martial Law" being imposed in the UK in the event of a "no deal" Brexit.  

Some of the media reports:

The National is a Scottish publication supporting an independent Scotland.  Its headline of 27 January stated - UK government prepare for martial law in the even of no deal Brexit.

The Mirror on 28 January declared that

Friday, 15 February 2019

No prosecutions for Road Traffic Accident on A149 ~ 17 January 2019

On Thursday 17 January 2019 a road traffic accident occurred on the A149 - a main road in Norfolk running south to north and linking King's Lynn to Hunstanton - MAP.   The accident site was the junction with the B1439.  The B1439 goes from West Newton (near the Sandringham Royal Estate to the east of the A149) and joins the A149 at the Babingley crossing.  To the west of that junction is a minor road to the ruined Saint Felix Chapel and Babingley.

A collision occurred between

Tuesday, 12 February 2019

Brexit Library ~ Key materials

Links to Key Brexit materials are set out in this post. 

*** The Key Material ***

The 1972 Act and the Treaties:

European Communities Act 1972

Treaty on European Union (TEU) and Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU)


European Union (Referendum) Act 2015

UK government - material published under section 7 of the Referendum Act -(a) Alternatives to membership: possible models for the UK outside the EU; (b) Rights and Obligations of EU membership.

BBC - Referendum result 23 June 2016

Supreme Court - Miller case:

Supreme Court judgments in R (Miller and another) v Secretary of State for Exiting the EU [2017] UKSC 5 - majority 8 to 3 -majority judgment and 3 dissenting judgments.  The majority held that an Act of Parliament was required to authorise government ministers to give notice under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union.

European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017 - The Prime Minister may notify, under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, the United Kingdom’s intention to withdraw from the EU.

The Article 50 Notification was handed to the President of the EU Council on 29 March 2017 thereby commencing the 2 year Article 50 period.  In Wightman and others v Secretary of State for Exiting the EU, the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) has held that notification under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union is unilaterally revocable.  Read the Court's Press release 10 December 2018 and the Court's Judgment

Government policy:

Prime Minister's Lancaster House Speech - January 2017 - set out the Plan for Britain, including the 12 priorities that the UK government would use to negotiate Brexit.

The 2018 Withdrawal Act:

European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 - An Act to repeal the European Communities Act 1972 and make other provision in connection with the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU.

Withdrawal Agreement negotiated:

A DRAFT withdrawal agreement was reached by the end of February 2018.

Following the government meeting at Chequers on 6 July 2018 a White Paper was published - The future relationship between the UK and the EU.

Withdrawal Agreement 25 November 2018 - Draft Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, as agreed at negotiators' level on 14 November 2018

Political Declaration 25 November 2018 - Draft Political Declaration

The Withdrawal Agreement Explained - published by the EU on 8 February 2019

"Meaningful Vote" 15 January 2019:

The House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement

The Debate and Vote of 12 March 2019:

Withdrawal Agreeement and other documents 12 March 2019 - The Department for Exiting the EU (DExEU) - Policy Paper 11 March Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration laid before Parliament following political agreement.  The Commons rejected the Agreement.

Article 50 - (first) time extension:

European Council Art 50 conclusions, 21 March  and Council Decision 22 March formalising the political agreement reached on 21 March 2019 on extending the period under Article 50.   Also see the UK Government's letter agreeing to the extension.

House of Commons 29 March:

The Withdrawal Agreement was rejected for the third time
Article 50 - (second) time extension:

The European Council met on Wednesday 10 April and granted an extension for a flexible period but no later than 31 October 2019 - read the Council Conclusions and Council Decision 10 April.

For convenience - links to Law and Laywers posts on Brexit follow:

: Posts since 1st January 2019 - (latest first) :

5 April – Article 50 extension to 30 June requested

4 April – Queen’s Consent

3 April - Legal controversies arising with Brexit

27 March - Brexit Indicative Votes

26 March - House of Commons Monday 25 March

25 March - Brexit: Statutory Instruments

22 March - European Council and what might come next

20 March - Brexit - Article 50 extension requested

19 March - Brexit: Meaningful Votes - Article 50 extension

15 March - Brexit votes 12-14 March

14 March - Brexit debates 13 and 14 March

12 March - Brexit Debate and Vote ~ 12 March 2019

12 March - Brexit "Meaningful Vote" 12 March 2019

8 March - Questions to the Law Officers

5 March - 24 days to Brexit - A brief roundup

27 February - Brexit - House of Commons 26 and 27 February

22 February - Brexit-related litigation - update

12 February - Brexit Library ~ Key materials

28/29 January - House of Commons - Brexit debate - updated post

10 January - Shenanigans in the Commons as the 'meaningful vote' comes closer

9 January - Brexit - Government loses vote on Finance (No.3) Bill

: Pre-2019 posts and materials :

Latest first ....


Brexit-related litigation - 28th March- (this post replaced by post of 4 October 2018)

4 Posts on the Constitution Committee Report (published 29th January 2018) -

Legal status of retained EU law - (30th January 2018)

What is “no deal” Brexit? Getting hold of fog - 12th January 2018.

The House of Lords and the EU Withdrawal Bill - 3rd January 2018

A short round up - includes some Brexit items - 18th January 2018


Brexit - end of year view (29th December)

Joint EK EU Report (4) - Euratom and other points (10th December)

Joint UK EU Report (3) - Money (10th December)

Joint UK EU Report (2) - Ireland and Northern Ireland (9th December)

Joint UK EU Report (1) - Citizens' rights (9th December)

Brexit shambles develops (7th December)

An Humble Address to Her Majesty (1st November 2017)

Brexit Notes - Round 5 and other items (12th October 2017)

Brexit Negotiations Round 4 (29th September)

Brexit - Government Papers - (18th August 2017)-  Papers regarding (a) Customs and (b) Ireland
19 December 2016 - Brexit in the High Court (2)

What did Parliament mean? 12/12/16

High Court of Northern Ireland ~ very brief note on the Brexit case - 28/10/16

The Art 50 case - some thoughts (27/10/16)

Brexit should be scrutinised as it happens - House of Lords report (20/10/16)
25/6/16 - It is Brexit (2) - A short note on developments since Thursday 23rd June
24/6/16 - It is Brexit (1) - The overall vote was to leave the EU
: Pre Referendum (23rd June 2016) :
20th February 2016 - Brexit ~ referendum ~ a few points - including link to the deal secured by the Prime Minister

UK and the EU (1) - History and Background

UK and the EU (2) - The EU Treaties - key points

UK and the EU (3) - The Parliament, the Commission and the Court

UK and the EU (4) - Freedom of movement of persons

UK and the EU (5) - Referendum - People need facts not slogans (Lord King)

UK and the EU (6) -Will Brexit be a simple process?

UK and the EU (7) -Your Rights

UK and the EU (8) - Trading bloc or emergent State

UK and the EU (9) - A monumental referendum - information to assist

UK and the EU (10) - What if it is Brexit 

UK and the EU (11) - The event horizon approaches - What if it is Brexit

UK and the EU (12) - Final post of this series

Political Speeches

Prime Minister's speeches -

Lancaster House (January 2017),   
Florence (September 2017),   

Munich Security Conference (February 2018) 

Theresa May - Belfast 20 July 2018

Theresa May - Belfast 5 February 2019
EU council

EU Commission

European Parliament
Motion prepared by the European Parliament’s Brexit Steering Group raising  possibility of an ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT founded on Article 8 TEU and Article 217 TFEU - The motion is available HERE. 

European Parliament Resolution 14 March 2018

Europa - the EU website

UK Parliament and Courts