Tony Blair was Prime Minister; Jack Straw was Foreign Secretary and Lord Goldsmith QC was Attorney General.
In November 2016, District Judge Snow at City of Westminster Magistrates Court was asked to issue a summons to commence a private prosecution of Tony Blair, Jack Straw and Lord Goldsmith for the offence of "aggression." The District Judge refused to issue a summons on the basis that aggression is not an offence known to the criminal law of England and Wales - see the House of Lords decisions in R v Jones and others  UKHL 16 and R (Gentle) v The Prime Minister and others  UKHL 20.
Abdul Waheed Shannan Al Rabbat, a former General in the Iraqi Army, sought judicial review of the District Judge's decision. On 31st July, the High Court refused permission for the judicial review - Read the High Court's decision.
Should the High Court have allowed the judicial review to proceed so that the UK Supreme Court could have the opportunity to reconsider the House of Lords decision in Jones? The High Court held that it was required to form a view on the prospects of success of any claim and that there was no reason, let alone a compelling reason, for the Supreme Court to depart from Jones.
Previous post - 27th April 2017 - Tony Blair, the Iraq War and Aggression
Prospect Magazine 31st July - Michael Mansfield QC and Antonia Benfield - As lawyers in the case against Tony Blair, this is why accountability on Iraq remains elusive
Craig Murray 31st July - High court judges defy reason to protect Tony Blair