Where ‘traditional justice’ is about punishing offenders for committing offences against the state, restorative justice is about offenders making amends directly to the people or organisations they have harmed. The emphasis is therefore on repairing harm caused by crime. It is claimed that restorative justice:
- gives victims a greater voice in the criminal justice system
- allows victims to receive an explanation and more meaningful reparation from offenders
- makes offenders accountable by allowing them to take responsibility for their actions
- builds community confidence that offenders are making amends for their wrong doing.